V2 Vocabulary Building Dictionary



Definition: favoritism shown to relatives by those in power

Synonyms: favoritism, partiality

Antonyms: nonpartisanship

Tips: Nepotism ultimately comes from the Latin stem nepot-, which means “grandson, descendant, sister’s son.” Hence, the meaning of showing favoritism to relatives. For a memory trick, note how nepotism has the same prefix as nephew. If an uncle were to give special treatment to his nephew and promote him over someone more qualified, that would be considered nepotism.

Usage Examples:

The Italian Mafia practiced nepotism as a way of keeping the "business" inside the family. (favoritism to family)

The company discourages nepotism and makes sure that people are hired and promoted based on merit, not because they are relatives of the president. (family favoritism)

When the company CEO gave a sought-after position to his son, many employees felt it was due to nepotism, rather than true merit. (favoritism)

In many countries, nepotism is still seen as a fair way to award high-ranking government positions. (family favoritism)

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