V2 Vocabulary Building Dictionary


noun, verb

Definition: (n.) a guess based on incomplete facts; (v.) to guess that something is true based on limited facts or intuitive feelings

Synonyms: (n.) speculation, assumption, conclusion, inference, (v.) conclude, assume, guess, speculate

Antonyms: certainty, sureness, fact

Tips: Surmise is derived from the Old French surmis, which means "to accuse." Think of someone being accused of something based on incomplete evidence. Surmise can be used as both a noun and a verb (see usage examples) and refers to guessing or assuming that something is true. Surmise is a more sophisticated way of saying "guess" or "speculate."

Usage Examples:

Since Mike has a broken leg, it is safe to surmise that he will not be going on the ski trip this weekend. (assume, conclude, guess) verb

Investigators surmised that the fire was started by faulty wiring. (speculated, concluded) verb

If the investigator's surmise is correct, and the fire was accidental, then the renters will not be responsible for the damage to the house. (assumption, speculation) noun

Your report is based mainly on surmise, and I think you should have done more research and included more hard facts. (speculation, inference, assumption) noun

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