V2 Vocabulary Building Dictionary



Definition: 1. tending to make sudden changes; 2. determined by impulse or whim, rather than reason or necessity

Synonyms: arbitrary, erratic, fanciful, whimsical, impulsive, changeable, fickle, variable

Antonyms: constant, predictable, dependable

Tips: The word capricious describes a fickle personality, characteristic, or action, while the noun caprice refers to impulse. If you are capricious, you tend to be impulsive and make decisions or act on a whim, without much thought. You may hear weather referred to as capricious if it changes frequently. The same idea applies to people who change their mind on a whim, are inconsistent, and are very hard to predict. Capricious can be pronounced two different ways: some prefer to use a drawn out "i," which sounds like "ee," versus a short "i", but most dictionaries first list the short "i" pronunciation. Listen to the audio for the two pronunciations.

Usage Examples:

The weather in Colorado can be capricious; they say you can experience all four seasons in a single week! (variable, changeable)

Her caprice gave Lisa a reputation for being wild and crazy. (impulsive nature, fickleness) noun

When he was in a good mood, the capricious manager sometimes took his employees out to lunch; on bad days, he often fired people for no reason. (impulsive, erratic)

The court's ruling seemed arbitrary, capricious, and without rational basis. (impulsive)

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