V2 Vocabulary Building Dictionary
Definition: (n.) 1. punitive action intended to pressure a country into following international laws; 2. punishment for breaking rules or regulations; 3. official support for something; (v.) to give authority or approval
Synonyms: authorization, approval, punishment, penalty, boycott, decree, approve, endorse, allow
Antonyms: reward, impede, prevent
Tips: Sanction is derived from the Latin sanctus, which means "to confirm, ratify." This is the base for the verb form of sanction: to give authority or approval. Often used in religious discussions: "The bishop was officially sanctioned (authorized) by the pope," or in business: "He was officially santioned (approved) by the board of directors as the new CEO." Sanction has also come to mean "punishment." It is most often used when referring to matters of foreign relations.
The country will face severe sanctions if the government does not put an end to the genocide happening there. (penalties) noun
After receiving sanction from the council, we went ahead with the plan. (authorization, approval) noun
Many nations impose trade sanctions in order to pressure others to action. (penalties, boycotts) noun
My parents would not sanction my marriage to a much older man, so we decided to elope. (approve, allow) verb
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