V2 Vocabulary Building Dictionary



Definition: marked by moderation and temperance in indulgence (especially with food and drink)

Synonyms: abstentious, temperate, moderate, self-denying, restrained, disciplined, abstinent

Antonyms: voracious, epicurean, licentious, gluttonous

Tips: An abstemious person is one who "abstains" (notice the similarity in the word root) from "excesses in food, drink and other desires." Abstemious originates from the Latin abs, "away from" and temetum, "intoxicating liquor." Think, staying away from liquor or any potentially harmful indulgence.

Usage Examples:

My mother was an abstemious woman who disapproved of self-indulgence. (temperate, disciplined)

In an era of sexually transmitted diseases, an increasing number of people are finding an abstemious lifestyle to be safer than a promiscuous one. (abstinent, restrained)

We're in a financial downturn, so until business picks up, we'll need to be abstemious with our spending. (moderate, restrained)

In many abstemious cultures, people abstain from drinking any kind of alcohol. (self-denying, restrained, disciplined)

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